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Contemporary management and surveillance strategy after shunt or endoscopic third ventriculostomy procedures for hydrocephalus.

TitleContemporary management and surveillance strategy after shunt or endoscopic third ventriculostomy procedures for hydrocephalus.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsM Janjua B, Hoffman CE, Souweidane MM
JournalJ Clin Neurosci
Volume45
Pagination18-23
Date Published2017 Nov
ISSN1532-2653
KeywordsChild, Endoscopy, Humans, Hydrocephalus, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Postoperative Complications, Third Ventricle, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Ventriculostomy
Abstract

The management of hydrocephalus can be challenging even in expert hands. Due to acute presentation, recurrence, accompanying complications, the need for urgent diagnosis; a robust management plan is an absolute necessity. We devised a novel time efficient surveillance strategy during emergency, and clinic follow up settings which has never been described in the literature. We searched all articles embracing management/surveillance protocol on pediatric hydrocephalus utilizing the terms "hydrocephalus follow up" or "surveillance protocol after hydrocephalus treatment". The authors present their own strategy based on vast experience in the hydrocephalus management at a single institution. The need for the diagnostic laboratory testing, age and presentation based radiological imaging, significance of neuro-opthalmological exam, and when to consider the emergent exploration have been discussed in detail. Moreover, a definitive triaging strategy has been described with the help of flow chart diagrams for clinicians, and the neurosurgeons in practice. The triage starts from detail history, physical exam, necessary labs, radiological imaging depending on the presentation, and the age of the child. A quick head CT scan helps after shunt surgery while, a FAST sequence MRI scan (fsMRI) is important in post ETV patients. The need for neuro-opthalmological exam, and the shunt series stays vital in asymptomatic patients during regular follow up.

DOI10.1016/j.jocn.2017.07.004
Alternate JournalJ Clin Neurosci
PubMed ID28765060