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Indirect Decompression Failure After Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion-Reported Failures and Predictive Factors: Systematic Review.

TitleIndirect Decompression Failure After Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion-Reported Failures and Predictive Factors: Systematic Review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsKirnaz S, Navarro-Ramirez R, Gu J, Wipplinger C, Hussain I, Adjei J, Kim E, Schmidt FAnna, Wong T, Hernandez RNick, Härtl R
JournalGlobal Spine J
Issue2 Suppl
Date Published2020 Apr

Background: In patients with symptomatic lumbar stenosis undergoing lateral transpsoas approach for lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) surgery, it is not always clear when indirect decompression is sufficient in order to achieve symptom resolution. Indirect decompression failure (IDF), defined as "postoperative persistent symptoms of nerve compression with or without a second direct decompression surgery to reach adequate symptom resolution," is not widely reported. This information, however, is critical to better understand the indications, the potential, and the limitations of indirect decompression.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the current literature on IDF after LLIF.

Methods: A literature search was performed on PubMed. We included randomized controlled trials and prospective, retrospective, case-control studies, and case reports. Information on sample size, demographics, procedure, number and location of involved levels, follow-up time, and complications were extracted.

Results: After applying the exclusion criteria, we included 9 of the 268 screened articles that reported failure. A total of 632 patients were screened in these articles and detailed information was provided. Average follow-up time was 21 months. Overall reported incidence of IDF was 9%.

Conclusion: Failures of decompression via LLIF are inconsistently reported and the incidence is approximately 9%. IDF failure in LLIF may be underreported or misinterpreted as a complication. We propose to include the term "IDF" as described in this article to differentiate them from complications for future studies. A better understanding of why IDF occurs will allow surgeons to better plan surgical intervention and will avoid revision surgery.

Alternate JournalGlobal Spine J
PubMed ID32528813
PubMed Central IDPMC7263336