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Occipital-Cervical Fusion and Ventral Decompression in the Surgical Management of Chiari-1 Malformation and Syringomyelia: Analysis of Data From the Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium.

TitleOccipital-Cervical Fusion and Ventral Decompression in the Surgical Management of Chiari-1 Malformation and Syringomyelia: Analysis of Data From the Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsCreveCoeur TS, Yahanda AT, Maher CO, Johnson GW, Ackerman LL, P Adelson D, Ahmed R, Albert GW, Aldana PR, Alden TD, Anderson RCE, Baird L, Bauer DF, Bierbrauer KS, Brockmeyer DL, Chern JJ, Couture DE, Daniels DJ, Dauser RC, Durham SR, Ellenbogen RG, Eskandari R, Fuchs HE, George TM, Grant GA, Graupman PC, Greene S, Greenfield JP, Gross NL, Guillaume DJ, Haller G, Hankinson TC, Heuer GG, Iantosca M, Iskandar BJ, Jackson EM, Jea AH, Johnston JM, Keating RF, Kelly MP, Khan N, Krieger MD, Leonard JR, Mangano FT, Mapstone TB, J McComb G, Menezes AH, Muhlbauer M, W Oakes J, Olavarria G, O'Neill BR, Park TSung, Ragheb J, Selden NR, Shah MN, Shannon C, Shimony JS, Smith J, Smyth MD, Stone SSD, Strahle JM, Tamber MS, Torner JC, Tuite GF, Wait SD, Wellons JC, Whitehead WE, Limbrick DD
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume88
Issue2
Pagination332-341
Date Published2021 01 13
ISSN1524-4040
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Occipital-cervical fusion (OCF) and ventral decompression (VD) may be used in the treatment of pediatric Chiari-1 malformation (CM-1) with syringomyelia (SM) as adjuncts to posterior fossa decompression (PFD) for complex craniovertebral junction pathology.

OBJECTIVE: To examine factors influencing the use of OCF and OCF/VD in a multicenter cohort of pediatric CM-1 and SM subjects treated with PFD.

METHODS: The Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium registry was used to examine 637 subjects with cerebellar tonsillar ectopia ≥ 5 mm, syrinx diameter ≥ 3 mm, and at least 1 yr of follow-up after their index PFD. Comparisons were made between subjects who received PFD alone and those with PFD + OCF or PFD + OCF/VD.

RESULTS: All 637 patients underwent PFD, 505 (79.2%) with and 132 (20.8%) without duraplasty. A total of 12 subjects went on to have OCF at some point in their management (PFD + OCF), whereas 4 had OCF and VD (PFD + OCF/VD). Of those with complete data, a history of platybasia (3/10, P = .011), Klippel-Feil (2/10, P = .015), and basilar invagination (3/12, P < .001) were increased within the OCF group, whereas only basilar invagination (1/4, P < .001) was increased in the OCF/VD group. Clivo-axial angle (CXA) was significantly lower for both OCF (128.8 ± 15.3°, P = .008) and OCF/VD (115.0 ± 11.6°, P = .025) groups when compared to PFD-only group (145.3 ± 12.7°). pB-C2 did not differ among groups.

CONCLUSION: Although PFD alone is adequate for treating the vast majority of CM-1/SM patients, OCF or OCF/VD may be occasionally utilized. Cranial base and spine pathologies and CXA may provide insight into the need for OCF and/or OCF/VD.

DOI10.1093/neuros/nyaa460
Alternate JournalNeurosurgery
PubMed ID33313928
PubMed Central IDPMC7803430
Grant ListP50 HD103525 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U54 HD087011 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States