BRAF V600E mutant papillary craniopharyngiomas: a single-institutional case series.

TitleBRAF V600E mutant papillary craniopharyngiomas: a single-institutional case series.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLa Corte E, Younus I, Pivari F, Selimi A, Ottenhausen M, Forbes JA, Pisapia DJ, Dobri GA, Anand VK, Schwartz TH
Date Published2018 Dec
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, beta Catenin, Craniopharyngioma, Female, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, Hypopituitarism, Hypothalamic Diseases, Male, Middle Aged, Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome

PURPOSE: To describe the clinical, radiographic and surgical outcomes in a cohort of patients with BRAF V600E mutant papillary craniopharyngiomas.

METHODS: A retrospective review was performed to identify all patients with a histological diagnosis of CP operated upon at a single institution between 2005 and 2017. All cases with adequate material were sequenced to confirm the presence of BRAF V600E mutation.

RESULTS: Sixteen patients were included in the present study. Approach was endoscopic endonasal (EEA) in 14 and transcranial (TCA) in 2. All patients were adult with an average age of 50 years (24-88). Radiographic review demonstrated that the majority (93.7%) were suprasellar and twelve (75%) had third ventricular involvement. No tumor showed evidence of calcifications and 68.7% were mixed solid-cystic. All patients had some evidence of hypopituitarism and 62.5% had hypothalamic disturbances. GTR was achieved in 11/14 (78.6%) EEA and 0/2 (0%) TCA (p < 0.05). The mean length of stay was 17.5 days in the TCA group and 7.6 days in the EEA group (p < 0.05). There were no CSF leaks. Post-operatively, eleven (68.7%) developed new DI or new hypopituitarism. Nine increased their BMI with a mean increase of 12.3%, whereas six patients lost weight with a mean decrease of 5.3%.

CONCLUSIONS: BRAF V600E mutant papillary tumors represent a clearly distinct clinical-pathological entity of craniopharyngiomas. These are generally non-calcified suprasellar tumors that occur in adults. These distinct characteristics may someday lead to upfront chemotherapy. When surgery is necessary, EEA may be preferred over TCA.

Alternate JournalPituitary
PubMed ID30187175