Familial colloid cysts: not a chance occurrence.

TitleFamilial colloid cysts: not a chance occurrence.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGiantini-Larsen AM, Garton ALA, Villamater FN, Kuzan-Fischer CM, Savage NJ, Cunniff CM, M Ross E, Christos PJ, Stieg PE, Souweidane MM
JournalJ Neurooncol
Date Published2022 Mar 03

PURPOSE: Colloid cysts are rare, benign brain tumors of the third ventricle with an estimated population prevalence of 1 in 5800. Sudden deterioration and death secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus are well-described presentations in patients with a colloid cyst. Although historically conceptualized as driven by sporadic genetic events, a growing body of literature supports the possibility of an inherited predisposition.

METHODS: A prospective registry of patients with colloid cysts was maintained between 1996 and 2021. Data pertaining to a family history of colloid cyst was collected retrospectively; self-reporting was validated in each case by medical record or imaging review. Frequency of patients with a documented first-degree family member with a colloid cyst based on self-reporting was calculated. The rate of familial co-occurrence within our series was then compared to a systematic literature review and aggregation of familial case studies, as well as population-based prevalence rates of sporadic colloid cysts.

RESULTS: Thirteen cases with affected first-degree relatives were identified in our series. Of the entire cohort, 19/26 were symptomatic from the lesion (73%), 12/26 (46.2%) underwent resection, and 2/26 (7.7%) had sudden death from presumed obstructive hydrocephalus. The majority of transmission patterns were between mother and child (9/13). Compared with the estimated prevalence of colloid cysts, our FCC rate of 13 cases in 383 (3.4%) estimates a greater-than-chance rate of co-occurrence.

CONCLUSION: Systematic screening for FCCs may facilitate early recognition and treatment of indolent cysts, thereby preventing the rapid deterioration that can occur with an unrecognized third ventricular tumor. Furthermore, identifying a transmission pattern may yield more insight into the molecular and genetic underpinnings of colloid cysts.

Alternate JournalJ Neurooncol
PubMed ID35243591
Grant ListUL1TR002384 / / National Center for Advancing Translational Science of the National Institute of Health /