|Title||Foundations of the Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment of Epilepsy.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Hussain I, Kocharian G, Tosi U, Schwartz TH, Hoffman CE|
|Date Published||2020 07|
|Keywords||Ablation Techniques, Anterior Temporal Lobectomy, Deep Brain Stimulation, Drug Resistant Epilepsy, Electrocorticography, Electroencephalography, Functional Neuroimaging, High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation, Humans, Implantable Neurostimulators, Laser Therapy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Magnetoencephalography, Neurosurgical Procedures, Positron-Emission Tomography, Prosthesis Implantation, Radiosurgery, Split-Brain Procedure, Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon, Vagus Nerve Stimulation|
The diagnostic and surgical management of epilepsy has made enormous strides over the past 3 decades, concomitant with advances in technology and electrophysiologic understanding of neuronal connectivity. Distinct zones have been identified within this network that each communicate and play a role in the genesis of seizures. Invasive and noninvasive modalities for defining the epileptogenic lesion or region have been able to more accurately determine which patients are optimal candidates for treatment when their seizures are refractory to conventional conservative management. Ablative, palliative, and disconnecting procedures have been developed as alternatives for traditional open resection techniques, and in recent studies, they have shown excellent seizure control and mitigation of complications. In this review, we discuss the evolution of these advancements in the management of epilepsy and provide an overview of current and future neurosurgical therapeutic modalities.
|Alternate Journal||World Neurosurg|