[Ga68] DOTATATE PET/MRI-Guided Radiosurgical Treatment Planning and Response Assessment in Meningiomas.

Title[Ga68] DOTATATE PET/MRI-Guided Radiosurgical Treatment Planning and Response Assessment in Meningiomas.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsIvanidze J, Chang SJung, Haghdel A, Kim JTae, RoyChoudhury A, Wu A, Ramakrishna R, Schwartz TH, Cisse B, Stieg P, Muller L, Osborne JR, Magge RS, Karakatsanis NA, Roytman M, Lin E, Pannullo SC, Palmer JD, Knisely JPS
JournalNeuro Oncol
Date Published2024 Mar 30

BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to determine the utility of [68Ga]-DOTATATE PET/MRI in meningioma response assessment following radiosurgery.

METHODS: Patients with meningioma prospectively underwent postoperative DOTATATE PET/MRI. Co-registered PET and gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MRI were employed for radiosurgery planning. Follow-up DOTATATE PET/MRI was performed at 6-12 months post radiosurgery. Maximum absolute standardized uptake value (SUV) and SUV ratio (SUVRSSS) referencing superior sagittal sinus (SSS) blood pool were obtained. Size change was determined by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria. Association of SUVRSSS change magnitude and PFS was evaluated using Cox regression.

RESULTS: 27 patients with 64 tumors (26% WHO-1, 41% WHO-2, 26% WHO-3, 7% WHO-unknown) were prospectively followed post stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) (mean dose: 30 Gy, modal dose 35 Gy, mean of 5 fractions). Post-irradiation SUV and SUVRSSS decreased by 37.4% and 44.4%, respectively (p < 0.0001). Size product decreased by 8.9%, thus failing to reach the 25% significance threshold as determined by RANO guidelines. Mean follow-up time was 26 months (range: 6-44). Overall mean PFS was 83% and 100%/100%/54% in WHO-1/-2/-3 subcohorts, respectively, at 34 months. At maximum follow-up (42-44 months), PFS was 100%/83%/54% in WHO-1/-2/-3 subcohorts, respectively. Cox regression analyses revealed a hazard ratio of 0.48 for 10-unit reduction in SUVRSSS in the SRS cohort.

CONCLUSIONS: DOTATATE PET SUV and SUVRSSS demonstrated marked, significant decrease post radiosurgery. Lesion size decrease was statistically significant, however it was not clinically significant by RANO criteria. DOTATATE PET/MR thus represents a promising imaging biomarker for response assessment in meningiomas treated with radiosurgery.

Alternate JournalNeuro Oncol
PubMed ID38553990