Impact of a Multidisciplinary Craniofacial Clinic for Patients With Craniofacial Syndromes on Patient Satisfaction and Outcome.

TitleImpact of a Multidisciplinary Craniofacial Clinic for Patients With Craniofacial Syndromes on Patient Satisfaction and Outcome.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsHoffman C, Yuan M, Boyke A, Perera I, Rabbin-Birnbaum C, O'Connor A, Souweidane M, Imahiyerobo T
JournalCleft Palate Craniofac J
Date Published2020 12
KeywordsAmbulatory Care Facilities, Child, Humans, Patient Satisfaction, Retrospective Studies, Surveys and Questionnaires, Syndrome, United States

OBJECTIVE: Multidisciplinary clinics are becoming widely utilized. Given the number of patients with craniofacial syndromes evaluated at our institution, and the burden of assessment by multiple subspecialists, we created an American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association-certified Craniofacial Multidisciplinary Clinic (CMC) composed of a nurse practitioner, neurosurgeon, plastic surgeon, otolaryngologist, oromaxillofacial surgeon, geneticist, pulmonologist, occupational therapist, dentist, and child life specialist to improve patient experience, lessen the burden of assessment, decrease time to surgery, and improve patients' understanding of the diagnosis and treatment plan specifically for patients with complex craniofacial syndromes. We reviewed the impact of this clinic after 1 year of implementation.

DESIGN: Retrospective review was performed to identify patients with craniofacial syndromic diagnoses seen by the neurosurgery department before and after implementation of the CMC from February 2017 to present.

SETTING: The CMC is an outpatient clinic based in a tertiary care academic institution.

PATIENTS: Chart review was performed to identify demographic, diagnostic, clinical, and treatment data. We assessed clinic experience, and the impact on quality of clinical and surgical care was assessed via survey. We compared this cohort to patients with similar craniofacial syndromes treated prior to the CMC. Thirty patients seen at the CMC were identified, and data from a comparable cohort of 30 patients seen prior to the clinic's inception was reviewed.

RESULTS: Our CMC survey response rate was 67% (n = 20/30) for the CMC patients. Second opinions sought by parents prior to CMC was higher (mean = 0.85, range: 0-3) than for patients seen at the CMC (mean = 0.16, range: 0-1). Mean time to surgery before the CMC was 10.1 months (range: 1-15) compared to 4 months (range: 3-5) after implementation. Parents agreed that they felt well-informed about their diagnosis (n = 18/20, 90%), and that the presence of a plastic surgeon (19/20, 95%) and a nurse practitioner (17/20, 85%) were valuable in coordination of their care. Following surgery, 76% (n = 13/17) of patients who received surgery were happy with the outcome, 76% (n = 13/17) were happy with the appearance of the scar, and 95% (n = 19/20) would recommend the CMC to others.

CONCLUSION: Multidisciplinary evaluation of patients with complex craniofacial conditions provides comprehensive, efficient, and effective care, as well as improved parent satisfaction and knowledge base.

Alternate JournalCleft Palate Craniofac J
PubMed ID32851873