Lateral Transorbital Endoscope-Assisted Approach to the Cavernous Sinus.

TitleLateral Transorbital Endoscope-Assisted Approach to the Cavernous Sinus.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsBander ED, Carnevale JA, Tosi U, Godfrey KJ, Schwartz TH
JournalOper Neurosurg (Hagerstown)
Date Published2023 Oct 01
KeywordsCavernous Sinus, Cranial Nerve Diseases, Craniopharyngioma, Humans, Pituitary Neoplasms, Retrospective Studies

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical access to the cavernous sinus (CS) poses a unique challenge to the neurosurgeon given the concentration of delicate structures in the confines of a very small anatomic space. The lateral transorbital approach (LTOA) is a minimally invasive, keyhole approach that can provide direct access to the lateral CS.

METHODS: A retrospective review of CS lesions treated by a LTOA at a single institution was performed between 2020 and 2023. Patient indications, surgical outcomes, and complications are described.

RESULTS: Six patients underwent a LTOA for a variety of pathologies including a dermoid cyst, schwannoma, prolactinoma, craniopharyngioma, and solitary fibrous tumor. The goals of surgery (ie, drainage of cyst, debulking, and pathological diagnosis) were achieved in all cases. The mean extent of resection was 64.6% (±34%). Half of the patients with preoperative cranial neuropathies (n = 4) improved postoperatively. There were no new permanent cranial neuropathies. One patient had a vascular injury repaired endovascularly with no neurological deficits.

CONCLUSION: The LTOA provides a minimal access corridor to the lateral CS. Careful case selection and reasonable goals of surgery are critical to successful outcome.

Alternate JournalOper Neurosurg (Hagerstown)
PubMed ID37427936