Pelvic cardiovascular magnetic resonance venography: venous changes with patient position and hydration status.

TitlePelvic cardiovascular magnetic resonance venography: venous changes with patient position and hydration status.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsBehzadi AH, Khilnani NM, Zhang W, Bares AJ, Boddu SR, Min RJ, Prince MR
JournalJ Cardiovasc Magn Reson
Date Published2019 01 03
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Dehydration, Female, Femoral Vein, Humans, Iliac Vein, Magnetic Resonance Angiography, Male, Middle Aged, Organism Hydration Status, Patient Positioning, Pelvis, Phlebography, Predictive Value of Tests, Prone Position, Prospective Studies, Retrospective Studies, Supine Position, Vascular Diseases, Young Adult

BACKGROUND: To determine the effect of hydration as well as prone versus supine positioning on the pelvic veins during cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) venography.

METHODS: Under institutional review board approval, 8 healthy subjects were imaged with balanced steady state free precession, non-contrast CMR venography to measure common and external iliac vein volumes and common femoral vein cross-sectional area in the supine, prone and decubitus positions after dehydration and again following re-hydration. CMR venography from 23 patients imaged both supine and prone were retrospectively reviewed and measurements of common femoral and iliac veins areas were compared using Wilcoxon test.

RESULTS: Common femoral vein area on CMR venography increased with prone positioning (83 ± 35 mm) compared to supine positioning (59 ± 21 mm) (p = 0.02) and further increased with hydration to 123 ± 44 mm (p < 0.01). With right and left side down decubitus positioning, the common femoral vein area on dehydration increased from 29 ± 17 mm in the ante-dependent position to 134 ± 36 mm in the dependent position (p < 0. 001). Similarly, common and external iliac veins increased in volume with prone, 5.4 ± 1.9 cm and 5.8 ± 1.9 cm compared to supine positioning 4.6 ± 1.8 cm and 4.5 ± 1.9 cm (p = 0.01) and further increase with hydration to 6.7 ± 2.1 cm and 6.3 ± 1.9 cm (p = 0.01). CMR venography on patients also demonstrated an increase in mean common femoral vein luminal area from 103 ± 44 mm in supine position to 151 ± 52 mm with prone positioning (p < 0.001) as well as increases in common and external iliac vein volumes from 6.5 ± 2.6 cm and 8.0 ± 3.4 cm in the supine position to 7.5 ± 2.5 cm and 9.3 ± 3.6 cm with prone positioning (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Common femoral and common/external iliac vein size on CMR venography may be affected by position and hydration status. Routine clinical CMR venography of the pelvis could include prone positioning and avoiding dehydration to maximize pelvic vein distension.

Alternate JournalJ Cardiovasc Magn Reson
PubMed ID30602387
PubMed Central IDPMC6317255