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Postoperative MRI Visualization of the Cervical Spine Following Cervical Disc Arthroplasty: A Prospective Single-Center Comparison of a Titanium and Cobalt-Chromium Prosthesis.

TitlePostoperative MRI Visualization of the Cervical Spine Following Cervical Disc Arthroplasty: A Prospective Single-Center Comparison of a Titanium and Cobalt-Chromium Prosthesis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsByvaltsev VA, Kalinin AA, Aliyev MA, K Riew D
JournalGlobal Spine J
Pagination2192568221991105
Date Published2021 Jan 28
ISSN2192-5682
Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective non-randomized single-center cohort study.

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the quality of postoperative magnetic resonance imaging of 2 structurally different cervical disc arthroplasty devices at the index and adjacent levels.

METHODS: A non-randomized, comparative, prospective, single-center study included 40 patients (23 men and 17 women) aged 32 (26-40) years. Two study groups were utilized: in the first (n = 20), a titanium prosthesis was used; in the second (n = 20), a cobalt-chromium implant was used. Evaluation of MRI studies before and after surgery was performed using sagittal and axial T2 weighted images by 2 specialists who were blinded to the prosthesis that was used. To determine the quality of an MRI image, the classification of Jarvik 2000, the radiological and orthopedic scales for assessing artifacts were used.

RESULTS: There was good-to-excellent inter-observer agreement for all of the MR parameters used for the titanium and satisfactory-to-good for the cobalt chromium group. The analysis of the quality of postoperative imaging using the Jarvik 2000 scale showed a statistically significant deterioration in MR images in the cobalt chromium group ( < 0.001), compared to the titanium ( = 0.091). Following a single-level total arthroplasty, the titanium group had better MRI images according to radiological and orthopedic scales ( < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Titanium cervical disc arthroplasty devices result in superior postoperative MR imaging, as compared to cobalt chromium prostheses, as the latter significantly reduces image quality due to the pronounced ferromagnetic effect.

DOI10.1177/2192568221991105
Alternate JournalGlobal Spine J
PubMed ID33504201