For COVID-19 vaccine updates, please review our information guide. For patient eligibility and scheduling availability, please visit VaccineTogetherNY.org.

Proteoglycan removal by chondroitinase ABC improves injectable collagen gel adhesion to annulus fibrosus.

TitleProteoglycan removal by chondroitinase ABC improves injectable collagen gel adhesion to annulus fibrosus.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsJiang EY, Sloan SR, Wipplinger C, Kirnaz S, Härtl R, Bonassar LJ
JournalActa Biomater
Volume97
Pagination428-436
Date Published2019 10 01
ISSN1878-7568
KeywordsAnimals, Annulus Fibrosus, Chondroitin ABC Lyase, Collagen, Proteoglycans, Sheep, Tissue Adhesives
Abstract

Intervertebral disc (IVD) herniations are currently treated with interventions that leave the IVD with persistent lesions prone to further herniations. Annulus fibrosus (AF) repair has become of interest as a method to seal defects in the IVD and prevent reherniation, but this requires strong adhesion of the implanted biomaterial to the native AF tissue. Our group has previously developed a high-density collagen (HDC) gel for AF repair and tested its efficacy in vivo, but its adhesion to the AF could be improved. Increased cell adhesion to cartilage has previously been reported through chondroitinase ABC (ChABC) digestion, which removes proteoglycans and increases access to cell binding motifs. Such approaches could also increase biomaterial adhesion to tissue, but the effects of ChABC digestion on AF have yet to be investigated. In this study, ovine AF tissue was digested with either 10 U/mL ChABC or saline for up to 10 min and the effect of this treatment on collagen adhesion between AF tissue samples was investigated by histology and mechanical testing in a lap-shear configuration. ChABC digestion removed proteoglycans within the AF in a time-dependent fashion and enhanced adhesion of the HDC gel to the AF. ChABC digestion increased the elastic toughness and total shear energy of the HDC gel-AF interface by 88% and 46% respectively. ChABC treatment enhanced the adhesion of the HDC gel to the AF without significantly decreasing native AF cell viability. Thus, ChABC digestion is a viable method to improve adhesion of biomaterials for AF repair. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Intervertebral disc herniations are currently treated with interventions that leave persistent lesions in the annulus fibrosus that are prone to further herniations. Annular repair is a promising method to seal lesions and prevent reherniation, but requires strong adhesion of the implanted biomaterial to native annulus fibrosus. Since large proteoglycans like aggrecan occupy regions of the extracellular matrix between collagen fibers in the annulus fibrosus, we hypothesized that removing proteoglycans via chondroitinase digestion would increase the adhesion of annular repair hydrogels. This investigation demonstrated that chondroitinase removed proteoglycans within annulus fibrosus tissue, enhanced the interaction of an injected collagen gel with the native tissue, and mechanically improved adhesion between the collagen gel and annulus fibrosus. This is the first study of its kind to evaluate the biochemical and mechanical effects of short-term chondroitinase digestion on annulus fibrosus tissue.

DOI10.1016/j.actbio.2019.08.024
Alternate JournalActa Biomater
PubMed ID31425894
Grant ListS10 OD018516 / OD / NIH HHS / United States
TL1 TR002386 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States