|Title||Safety and efficacy of Cesium-131 brachytherapy for brain tumors.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Bander ED, Kelly A, Ma X, Christos PJ, A Wernicke G, Stieg PE, Trichter S, Knisely JPS, Ramakrishna R, Schwartz TH|
|Date Published||2023 Jun|
|Keywords||Brachytherapy, Brain Neoplasms, Cesium Radioisotopes, Glioma, Humans, Lung Neoplasms, Meningeal Neoplasms, Meningioma, Necrosis, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome|
BACKGROUND: The introduction of Cesium-131 (Cs-131) as a radiation source has led to a resurgence of brachytherapy for central nervous system (CNS) tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the largest cohort of Cs-131 patients to-date.
METHODS: A retrospective review of all CNS tumors treated with resection and adjuvant Cs-131 brachytherapy at New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell from 2010 to 2021 was performed. Overall survival (OS) and local control (LC) were assessed with Kaplan-Meier methodology. Univariable analysis was conducted to identify patient factors associated with local recurrence or radiation necrosis.
RESULTS: Adjuvant Cs-131 brachytherapy following resection was performed in 119 patients with a median follow-up time of 11.8 (IQR 4.7-23.6) months and a mean of 22.3 +/-30.3 months. 1-year survival rates were 53.3% (95%CI 41.9-64.6%) for brain metastases (BrM), 45.9% (95%CI 24.8-67.0%) for gliomas, and 73.3% (95%CI 50.9-95.7%) for meningiomas. 1-year local control rates were 84.7% for BrM, 34.1% for gliomas, and 83.3% for meningiomas (p < 0.001). For BrM, local control was superior in NSCLC relative to other BrM pathologies (90.8% versus 76.5%, p = 0.039). Radiographic radiation necrosis (RN) was identified in 10 (8.4%) cases and demonstrated an association with smaller median tumor size (2.4 [IQR 1.8-2.7 cm] versus 3.1 [IQR 2.4-3.8 cm], p = 0.034). Wound complications occurred in 14 (11.8%) patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Cs-131 brachytherapy demonstrated a favorable safety and efficacy profile characterized by high rates of local control for all treated pathologies. The concept of brachytherapy has seen a resurgence given the excellent results when Cs-131 is used as a source.
|Alternate Journal||J Neurooncol|