Stent-assisted coil embolization of anterior communicating artery aneurysms using the LVIS Jr stent.

TitleStent-assisted coil embolization of anterior communicating artery aneurysms using the LVIS Jr stent.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSantillan A, Schwarz J, Boddu S, Y Gobin P, Knopman J, Patsalides A
JournalInterv Neuroradiol
Date Published2019 Feb
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aneurysm, Ruptured, Angiography, Digital Subtraction, Anterior Cerebral Artery, Anticoagulants, Cerebral Angiography, Contrast Media, Embolization, Therapeutic, Female, Humans, Intracranial Aneurysm, Magnetic Resonance Angiography, Male, Middle Aged, Retrospective Studies, Stents, Treatment Outcome

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This retrospective study evaluates the safety and mid-term and long-term effectiveness of stent-assisted coil embolization of anterior communicating artery (Acomm) aneurysms treated with the LVIS Jr stent.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients treated with the LVIS Jr stent for Acomm aneurysms between June 2015 and March 2018 were included in the analysis. Details of the procedure's periprocedural adverse events, immediate aneurysm occlusion rates, and clinical and angiographic follow-up assessment were collected.

RESULTS: A total of 25 patients with 25 aneurysms were included. Eighteen aneurysms were found incidentally. Seven patients presented with seven ruptured aneurysms: Six were remotely ruptured and one acutely ruptured. Twenty-four patients were treated successfully and one technical failure is reported. The parent arteries measured 1.4 mm to 2.9 mm in diameter (mean, 2.3 mm). Intraprocedural thromboembolic complications occurred in two patients (8%) and an intraoperative aneurysm rupture in one patient (4%). Immediate complete aneurysm occlusion was noted in 18 out of 25 patients (72%). Clinical follow-up ranged from three months to 36 months (mean, 15.8 months) and the imaging follow-up ranged from two to 35 months (mean, 14.2 months). Complete aneurysm occlusion was achieved in 14 out of 20 patients (70%) at last angiographic follow-up. Of the two patients with in-stent thrombosis, one patient had an acutely ruptured aneurysm and the other patient was treated with an LVIS Jr stent in a Y configuration. Neurological morbidity and mortality rate were 0%.

CONCLUSIONS: Complex, wide-necked Acomm aneurysms can be effectively treated with stent-assisted embolization using LVIS Jr stents.

Alternate JournalInterv Neuroradiol
PubMed ID30180758
PubMed Central IDPMC6378531