|Title||Symptomatic cervical spinal stenosis in spastic cerebral palsy.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Hung CWai, Matsumoto H, Ball JR, Plachta S, Dutkowsky JP, Kim H, Hyman JE, K Riew D, Roye DP|
|Journal||Dev Med Child Neurol|
|Date Published||2020 10|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Cerebral Palsy, Cervical Vertebrae, Comorbidity, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Muscle, Skeletal, Prevalence, Spinal Stenosis, Young Adult|
AIM: To describe the prevalence of symptomatic cervical spinal stenosis (CSS) in spastic cerebral palsy (CP) and associated characteristics.
METHOD: This cross-sectional study of adults (>18y) with CP (2006-2016) at a single institution compared the patient characteristics (demographics, comorbidities, surgical history, medications, Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] level, and CP type) of patients with and without CSS.
RESULTS: Of 424 patients (mean age 33y 4mo, SD 13y 6mo, range 18-78y; 225 females, 199 males), 32 patients (7.5%) had symptomatic CSS. GMFCS levels in the study cohort were distributed as follows: level I, 25%; level II, 25%; level III, 22%; level IV, 19%; level V, 9%. Twenty-five out of 32 (78.1%) patients had spastic CP, two (6.3%) had dystonic CP, and one (3.1%) had mixed characteristics. Individuals with CSS were older (mean age 54y 6mo, SD 10y 5mo vs mean age 31y 7mo, SD 12y 1mo, p<0.05) and had a higher body mass index (26.1, SD 4.8 vs 23.4, SD 6.2, p<0.05) than those without CSS. Presentations included upper-extremity symptoms (73%), ambulation decline (70%), neck pain (53%), and incontinence (30%). Common stenosis levels were C5-C6 (59%), C4-C5 (56%), and C6-C7 (53%).
INTERPRETATION: Symptomatic CSS was identified in 7.5% of this adult cohort during the 2006 to 2016 period. Diagnosis in CP is difficult due to impaired communication and pre-existing gait abnormalities and spasticity. Given the high prevalence of symptomatic CSS in adults, we propose developing screening guidelines. Physicians must maintain a high level of suspicion for CSS if patients present with changes in gait or spasticity.
|Alternate Journal||Dev Med Child Neurol|