Thoracic Duct Injury Following Cervical Spine Surgery: A Multicenter Retrospective Review.

TitleThoracic Duct Injury Following Cervical Spine Surgery: A Multicenter Retrospective Review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDerakhshan A, Lubelski D, Steinmetz MP, Corriveau M, Lee S, Pace JR, Smith GA, Gokaslan Z, Bydon M, Arnold PM, Fehlings MG, K Riew D, Mroz TE
JournalGlobal Spine J
Issue1 Suppl
Date Published2017 Apr

STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective case series.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of thoracic duct injury during cervical spine operations.

METHODS: A retrospective case series study was conducted among 21 high-volume surgical centers to identify instances of thoracic duct injury during anterior cervical spine surgery. Staff at each center abstracted data for each identified case into case report forms. All case report forms were collected by the AOSpine North America Clinical Research Network Methodological Core for data processing, cleaning, and analysis.

RESULTS: Of a total of 9591 patients reviewed that underwent cervical spine surgery, 2 (0.02%) incurred iatrogenic injury to the thoracic duct. Both patients underwent a left-sided anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. The interruption of the thoracic duct was addressed intraoperatively in one patient with no residual postoperative effects. The second individual developed a chylous fluid collection approximately 2 months after the operation that required drainage via needle aspiration.

CONCLUSIONS: Damage to the thoracic duct during cervical spine surgery is a relatively rare occurrence. Rapid identification of the disruption of this lymphatic vessel is critical to minimize deleterious effects of this complication.

Alternate JournalGlobal Spine J
PubMed ID28451482
PubMed Central IDPMC5400197