Trajectory of Improvement in Myelopathic Symptoms From 3 to 12 Months Following Surgery for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy.

TitleTrajectory of Improvement in Myelopathic Symptoms From 3 to 12 Months Following Surgery for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsKhan I, Archer KR, Wanner JPaul, Bydon M, Pennings JS, Sivaganesan A, Knightly JJ, Foley KT, Bisson EF, Shaffrey C, McGirt MJ, Asher AL, Devin CJ
Corporate AuthorsQOD Vanguard Sites
Date Published2020 06 01
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Cervical Vertebrae, Decompression, Surgical, Elective Surgical Procedures, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Registries, Retrospective Studies, Spinal Cord Compression, Spinal Cord Diseases, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome

BACKGROUND: Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a progressive disease resulting from cervical cord compression. The modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) is commonly used to grade myelopathic symptoms, but its persistent postoperative improvement has not been previously explored.

OBJECTIVE: To utilize the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD) to evaluate the trajectory of outcomes in those operatively treated for DCM.

METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. The QOD was queried for patients undergoing elective surgery for DCM. Patients were divided into mild (≥14), moderate (9-13), or severe (<9) categories for their baseline severity of myelopathic symptoms (mJOA scores). A parsimonious multivariable logistic regression model was fitted with 2 points improvement on mJOA from 3- to 12-mo follow-up as the outcome of interest.

RESULTS: A total of 2156 patients who underwent elective surgery for DCM and had complete 3- and 12-mo follow-up were included in our analysis. Patients improved significantly from baseline to 3-mo on their mJOA scores, regardless of their baseline mJOA severity. After adjusting for the relevant preoperative characteristics, the baseline mJOA categories had significant impact on outcome of whether a patient keeps improving in mJOA score from 3 to 12 mo postsurgery. Patient with severe mJOA score at baseline had a higher likelihood of improvement in their myelopathic symptoms, compared to patients with mild mJOA score in.

CONCLUSION: Most patients achieve improvement on a shorter follow-up; however, patients with severe symptoms keep on improving until after a longer follow-up. Preoperative identification of such patients helps the clinician settling realistic expectations for each follow-up timepoint.

Alternate JournalNeurosurgery
PubMed ID31435676